The ABC’s of Jiu-Jitsu

Jiu-Jitsu can be overwhelming to a newcomer.  There is so much to know and be mindful of when training.  Hopefully simplifying things to the ABC’s can help newcomers.

“A” is for Armbar

The Armbar (aka armlock) is a common submission in Jiu-Jitsu.  Straitening an opponent’s arm to create a hyperextension at the elbow joint and/or shoulder completes the armbar.

“B” is Brazil

In the 1914, 1914 Mitsuyo Maeda arrived in Brazil and essential to the creation of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.

“C” is for Control 

Being able to control an opponent effectively is an important concept in Jiu-Jitsu.

“D” is for Drill

Drilling is very important.  It helps build muscle memory!

“E” is for Escape

Everyone gets caught in submissions, not everyone escapes.  Learning the escape can be as important as learning the submission.

“F” is for Flow

Flow rolling is a lighter form of sparing that allows more technique to be used.

Running water never grows stale.  So you just have to ‘keep on flowing.’ – Bruce Lee

“G” is for Guard

Guard is a fundamental position in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu that uses your legs to control an opponent from the bottom position.

“H” is for Happiness 

“Always make those around you happy and keep a smile to all people who talk to you. “ – Grandmaster Carlos Gracie Sr.

Jiu-Jitsu-logo-escrito-em-japones“I” is for Intelligence 

“Jiu-Jitsu represents the triumph of human intelligence over brute strength” – Grandmaster Helio Gracie

“J” is for Jiu-Jitsu

“There is no loosing in Jiu-Jitsu.  You either win or you learn.” – Grandmaster Carlos Gracie Sr.

“K” is for Kimura

Also known as a reverse key-lock, and named after Masahiko Kimura.

“L” is for Lifestyle 

Jiu-Jitsu is a lifestyle that can only be understood by those who live it.  It involves training Jiu-Jitsu regularly and applying its teachings to everyday life.

"Professor Ricardo Almeida showing a No Gi Technique at GB Training Camp"“M” is for Mount

The top mount position is one of the most dominant positions in Jiu-Jitsu.

“N” is for No-Gi 

Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu can be practiced with a kimono.  It can also be practiced without a kimono as no-gi Jiu-Jitsu.  Similar technique is applied however participants can no longer grab or utilize the Gi in submission attempts.

“O” is for Omoplata

A popular technique that is best described as a shoulder lock.

“P” is for Professor

In Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, black belts are often addressed with the title of “Professor.”

“Q” is for Question 

Jiu-Jitsu is a technical martial art.  Don’t be afraid to ask questions when training.

“R” is for Roll

Sparing in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu is often referred to as “Rolling.”

“S” is for Sweep

A sweep in Jiu-Jitsu occurs when an opponent from a bottom position reverses and ends up on top or a more dominate position.

“T” is for Triangle 

This technique is applied by wrapping two legs around an opponent’s arm and head in such a way that restricts blood flow to the opponent’s brain.  The wrapped legs form a shape of a triangle thus the name of the choke.

“U” is for UFC

The Ultimate Fighting Championship has played a big part in the growth of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu.  Though other factors are involved, it is largely responsible for Jiu-Jitsu’s popularity today.

“V” is for Variety 

Keeping a variety of techniques in your arsenal is always a good idea.

ulpiano sweep“W” is for Warm up

Jiu-Jitsu is a very physical sport.  Proper stretching and warm up should be conducted in order to lessen the chances of injury.

“X” is for X-Guard

The X-Guard is one of the many guard variations in Jiu-Jitsu.  Also, not many other Jiu-Jitsu related topics start with “X.”

“Y” is for You-Tube

YouTube is a double-edge sword.  It contains a vast amount of material but can also overwhelm students with advanced techniques.  Be sure to get a good grasp of fundamentals before attempting any techniques found online.

“Z” is for Zone

Getting in the “zone” occurs in every sport.  In Jiu-Jitsu, there are times when you will roll and all the worlds’ problems seemingly disappear.  Life is simplified to just submitting the opponent in front of you.

Written By: Patrick J. Flores

Gracie Barra Chino

Twitter:  patjflores

Imagem: Google